Jeannette Rankin was a famous activist and the first woman to be elected to the United States Congress. She is remembered for championing women’s rights and being strongly anti-war.
5 facts about Jeannette Rankin
1. She was elected before women won the right to vote nationally.
2. She cast the lone congressional vote against World War II.
3. She was constantly on the move.
4. She was constantly on the move.
5. Montana has yet to elect a second female member of Congress.
« Men and women are like right and left hands; it doesn't make sense not to use both. »
« If they are going to have war, they ought to take the old men and leave the young to propagate the race. »
« The most important accomplishment, I believe, was my voting against the First World War. »
Jeannette was born June 11, 1880 near Missoula, Montana.
Her mother, Olive, was a schoolteacher. Her father, John, was a rancher and carpenter.
Jeannette was the eldest of 11 children, but sadly only 7 survived into adulthood. As the oldest child, Jeannette was expected to help run the family home. She cooked, sewed and cared for her siblings.
She also took part in activities less common for young girls at the time. She helped her father on the ranch and looked after a wounded horse. A caring child, she once made a leather shoe for the family dog after it hurt its paw.
She went to school in Montana and graduated from the State University with a degree in Biology.
Before entering politics, Jeannette tried teaching, dressmaking, and furniture design.
In 1904, she visited her brother in Boston. When she saw the slum conditions of the city, she was inspired to become a social worker.
She studied at the New York School of Philanthropy and worked in a Washington children’s home. But social work alone wasn’t enough for Jeannette!
Jeannette the suffragette
At this time, the campaign for women’s right to vote was becoming popular with the public. Jeannette became part of the women’s suffrage movement in 1910.
In 1913, on the day of President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration, she joined thousands in the suffrage march on Washington.
In 1914, she returned to Montana and helped women gain the vote in her home state.
The first congresswoman
In 1916, Jeanette ran for a seat in Congress as a Republican. Her brotherhelped pay for her campaign. She became the first woman elected toCongress.
Her mission as a congresswoman was to campaign for peace and the rights of women and children.
At the time, Europe was at war. The US had to decide whether to enter World War 1. Before casting her vote, Jeanette announced “I want to stand by my country, but I cannot vote for war.”
Members of congress were not supposed to speak before voting. But Jeannette bravely spoke out, even though it made her unpopular.
Fighting for peace
Even when World War 1 ended, Jeannette still campaigned to bring peace to the world.
She formed the Georgia Peace Society and worked for the National Council for the Prevention of War. In 1937, she gave 93 speeches in 10 states to promote peace.
In 1939, she once again entered Congress. This time, there were six more women in the house.
Later that year, World War 2 began. In 1941, the Japanese attacked an American Naval base, Pearl Harbour. Congress had to vote on whether
America should fight back and declare war onJapan.
Once again, Jeanette spoke up before casting her vote. She said, “As a woman I can’t go to war, and I refuse I to send anyone else.” She was the only member of Congress to vote against declaring war.
Jeanette’s vote was so unpopular that she had to hide in a phone box from a mob that followed her! A policeman had to rescue her. She never ran for Congress again.
Portrait of Jeanette Rankin in the Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
In 1943, after leaving Congress, Jeannette returned to Montana and cared for her ill mother. Later, she travelled the world making more speeches in the name of peace.
Jeannette’s final political stand came when America was deeply involved inthe Vietnam War. As time went on, the American people began to questionwhy they were involved in the conflict.
There were many national protests. In 1968, Jeanette led over 5,000 women to march on Washington in protest.
Jeannette died May 18, 1973 at the age of 92. Controversial in her day, sheleaves a remarkable legacy for women and pacifists all over the world. Herrefusal to stay quiet in the face of the world’s evils continues to inspire anyone who wishes to stand up for what’s right.